What are the main causes of insomnia?
Insomnia can be caused by several factors. The most common are poor sleeping habits, changes in sleep rhythm and external factors e.g. noise, light. Diseases such as respiratory, cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal diseases and neurological diseases are also a big reason. Insomnia can also be caused by taking certain medications such as diuretics, antiepileptic drugs, or some antidepressants. Insomnia can be caused by mental disorders such as anxiety and depression. Insomnia can also occur due to fear of a particularly stressful situation, such as an important event, problems at work, financial problems, unemployment or poor social conditions. Traumatic events, such as the death of a loved one, can also be the cause. Even bad habits such as drinking alcohol, smoking and consuming excessive amounts of caffeine can lead to insomnia. According to research, insomnia increases with age and is more common in women.